13 Most Popular and Largest Dams in India

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Water is essential for life. The Dam helps to conserve and use water properly. A barrier is a structure that holds water, and later this water is used to generate electricity and supply water. Several dams and water reservoirs have been constructed in India. There are many rivers and water sources in India; conserve this water flowing through them Dams are essential. Many big and famous dams in India are used to generate electricity and irrigate. The Dam plays a significant role in the development of India. Today we are going to talk about the 13 largest and most popular dams in India

Biggest dams in India:

Mettur Dam, Tamilnadu

Mettur Dam is located in the Salem district of Tamil Nadu. It was built on the Kaveri River in 1934. Mettur Dam is one of the oldest dams in India. Mettur Dam has a remarkable ability to produce electricity; that’s why Mettur Dam is mainly used to produce electricity. Along with this, this Dam also contributes its total amount in irrigation. It is not only an ordinary dam but also a significant tourist destination. This Dam is 21.4 meters high and 1700 meters long. Mettur Dam can produce 200 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 21.4 meters
  • Length: 1700 meters
  • River: Kaveri River
  • Location: Tamilnadu
  • Installed capacity: 200 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 2,146,071 acre.ft

Rihand Dam, Uttar Pradesh

Rihand Dam is a very worthwhile dam in India. It is an essential part of India’s water conservation. Situated on the Rihand River, this Dam is one of the most significant barriers in India. It’s height is 91.44 meters, and its length is 934.5 meters. The water conservation capacity of Rihand Dam is relatively high, and in this case, it is the largest Dam in India. This Dam is used to send and stop water to the areas. A lot of electricity is also produced through this Dam. Rihand Dam can have the power of about 300 MW. 

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  • Height: 91.44 meters
  • Length: 934.5 meters
  • River: Rihand River
  • Location: Uttar Pradesh
  • Installed capacity: 300 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 10.6 billion cubic metres

Koyna Dam, Maharashtra

This project is one of the most complex projects, built in the beautiful surroundings of Sahyadri ranges. It includes four dams. This project is the largest hydroelectric plant project in India. Koyna Dam is surrounded by wooded areas and plains, which makes it an excellent place to visit. This Dam is 103 meters high and 807 meters long. This Dam is built on the Koyna River; hence it is named Koyna Dam. Koyna Dam can produce 1950 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 103 meters
  • Length: 807 meters
  • River: Koyna River
  • Location: Maharashtra
  • Installed capacity: 1,950 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 2,267,900 acre.ft

Tungabhadra Dam, Karnataka

It is situated on the Tungabhadra River in Karnataka. It is also known as “Pampa Sagar Dam.” It has a Japanese garden, a beautiful view of nature, and a musical fountain. It is a multipurpose dam, works for irrigation, electricity generation, flood control, etc. This Dam is 50 meters high and 2441 meters long. Tungabhadra Dam can produce 127 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 50 meters
  • Length: 2441 meters
  • River: Tungabhadra River
  • Location: Karnataka
  • Installed capacity: 127 MW

Indira Sagar Dam, Madhya Pradesh

Built-in 1992 on the Narmada river of Madhya Pradesh, the Dam is India’s largest reservoir, with a capacity of 12.22 cubic meters. From this Dam, about 1230 square kilometers of land gets irrigation. This Dam is 92 meters high and 653 meters long. Indira Sagar Dam can produce 1000 MW of electricity. This Dam is spread over ​​1230 square kilometers, which provides comfort to the states for irrigation and other works. 

  • Height: 92 meters
  • Length: 653 meters
  • River: Narmada River
  • Location: Madhya Pradesh
  • Installed capacity: 1,000 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 7,904,454 acre.ft

Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gujrat 

This is a gravity dam built on the Narmada River in Gujarat in 1979. It is also the largest Dam and part of the Narmada Valley Project, which is a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a sequence of significant irrigation. This Dam is 163 meters high and 1210 meters long. Sardar Sarovar Dam can produce 1450 MW of electricity. The Dam has 30 gates for irrigation and Hydroelectricity.

  • Height: 163 meters
  • Length: 1210 meters
  • River: Narmada River
  • Location: Gujrat
  • Installed capacity: 1,450 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 7,700,000 acre.ft

Bhakra-Nangal Dam, Punjab & Himachal

Bhakra-Nangal Dam is built on the Sutlej River in Punjab. It is very close to Himachal Pradesh. It is the second-highest Dam in India. Its reservoir is also known as “Gobind Sagar.” It can store up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water, which is the third-largest reservoir in India by total capacity. This Dam is 225.55 meters high and 520 meters long. Bhakra-Nangal Dam can generate 2400 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 225.55 meters
  • Length: 520 meters
  • River: Sutlej River
  • Location: Punjab
  • Installed capacity: 2,400 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 9.34 billion cubic meters

Tehri Dam, Uttarakhand

This Dam is the largest Dam in India and the second largest in Asia, and the world’s eighth-largest. Tehri Dam is a multipurpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam built on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand. This Dam is 261 meters high and 575 meters long—the reservoir is used for irrigation, water supply, and Hydroelectric generation of 1000 Megawatts.

  • Height: 261 meters
  • Length: 575 meters
  • River: Bhagirathi River
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Installed capacity: 1,000 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 3,200,000 acre.ft

Krishna Sagar Dam, Karnataka

Built on the Kaveri River near Mysore in Karnataka. This Dam is known not only for its ability to generate more electricity and  irrigation but also Vrindavan Gardens. Vrindavan Garden is a very famous tourist destination. This Dam was built in 1931. Krishna Sagar Dam is spread over 10619 square kilometers and can hold 1 billion 36 million cubic meters of water. 

  • Height: 39.8 meters
  • Length: 2620 meters
  • River: Kaveri River
  • Location: Karnataka
  • Reservoir Capacity: 1,368,847,000 m3

Idukki Dam, Kerala

Idukki dam is built over the Periyar River in Kerala. It is one of the highest arch dams in Asia. It is situated between two mountains Kuravan Mala and Kurathi Mala. This Dam is 169 meters high and 366 meters long. Idukki Dam can produce 780 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 169 meters
  • Length: 366 meters
  • River: Periyar River
  • Location: Kerala
  • Installed capacity: 780 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 1,183,641 acre.ft

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam, built on the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. Nagarjuna Sagar reservoir has a capacity of 11472 million cubic meters. It is also called the largest lake created by humans. This Dam is 124 meters high and 1450 meters long. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam can produce 816 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 124 meters
  • Length: 1450 meters
  • River: Krishna River
  • Location: Andhra Pradesh
  • Installed capacity: 816 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 9*106 acre.ft

Bhavanisagar Dam, Tamilnadu

Situated on the Bhavani river in Erode district of Tamilnadu. This Dam is also known as Bhavani Dam. It is the second-largest earthen Dam in the country. This Dam is used to drain the water of the Lower Bhavani Dam. It’s a beautiful and important tourist destination. This Dam is 32 meters high and 1700 meters wide. Bhavanisagar Dam can produce 32 MW of electricity.

  • Height: 32 meters
  • Length: 1700 meters
  • River: Bhavani River
  • Location: Tamilnadu
  • Installed capacity: 32 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 930*106 m3

Hirakud Dam, Odisha

It is the world’s largest earthen Dam, built-in 1957 in the Sambalpur district of Odisha state. It was Made on the Mahanadi river. This Dam is 61 meters high and 4.8 km long. Hirakud Dam can produce 308 MW of electricity.

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  • Height: 61 meters
  • Length: 4.78 kilo-meters
  • River: Mahanadi River
  • Location: Odisha
  • Installed capacity: 308 MW
  • Reservoir Capacity: 4,779,965 acre.ft

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"Hey, I'm Somya Ranjan Sahoo, founder of digitltravel.com. I am an engineer by profession and blogger by passion. I am obsessed with everything related to travelling and passionate about sharing my knowledge. Here i will share everything related traveling like top things to do, best places to visit, travel guide and many more.

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